retention, first-year students, ELS, postsecondary


Increasing students’ involvement on campus is one of the best practices to increase college student retention. Using data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, this study investigated the relationships between first-to-second fall retention and student involvement indicators. Logistic regression analysis was employed to explore the relationships. The sample included 6,283 first-time, first-year undergraduate students who were enrolled in public or not-for-profit private four-year postsecondary institutions across the country in the fall of 2004. Results show that student-advisor interaction, student-faculty interaction, extracurricular activities participation, and library utilization were positively associated with first-to-second fall retention. Recommendations for future research and implications for practitioners are discussed.