This study examined how a parent’s lack of knowledge of potential opportunities and barriers may restrict the child’s opportunity to learn how to swim. A survey was completed in multiple urban areas (N=524), where parents/caregivers reported their child’s swimming ability, as well as the parent’s knowledge of possible barriers to their child’s participation in swimming. ANOVA results suggested that the only significant difference between the presence of barriers groupings for child’s swimming ability were based on the availability of a pool and ease of access. For potential barriers examined, the group who lacked of barriers had a significantly lower perception of their child’s swimming ability than the group who recognized barriers (p<.001 for all), suggesting that while physical barriers may play a role in a child’s likelihood of learning to swim, the most significant barrier may be the involvement and knowledge of the parent/caregiver.
Ryan, Timothy D.; Irwin, Carol C.; Drayer, Joris; and Irwin, Richard L.
"Parent/Caregiver Lack of Knowledge: A Barrier for Youth Swimming Ability?,"
International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education: Vol. 5:
2, Article 9.
Available at: https://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/ijare/vol5/iss2/9