Volume 13, Number 1 (July 2020)

In This Issue (13:1)

Welcome to the first issue of our Volume 13 of the International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education.

I am thrilled to note that the number of full-text downloads of the previous 12 volumes (and 48 issues) of IJARE is rapidly approaching 140,000 in the past 3.5 years since we became an online, open access serial publication!. As I have written before, I find it virtually UNBELIEVABLE, but ever so gratifying that there has been so much interest in our focus on non-competitive aquatics, swimming, water safety, lifeguarding, water exercise, and related topics!

I also am reminding all our authors and readers that one advantage of publishing in IJARE using the bepress Scholarworks platform is that each article keeps a running log of how many times that article has been viewed and how many full text downloads have occurred. For any authors who may not have realized this statistic was available, you simply need to log on to http://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/IJARE and then identify in which volume and issue a paper appears. You can then open the title link and in the right hand corner under the blue "download" button, you will see how many views and downloads any paper has instigated. This statistic is especially important for young academic scholars who need to demonstrate how productive their specific lines of inquiry have been. Along with citation indices, total downloads are a powerful and direct indicator of the impact your paper has generated world wide. It is exciting stuff!

Research Articles

I am pleased to introduce the first research article in this first issue of the 13th volume of IJARE which comes from a fine group of authors, Chris Button, Angela J. Button, Anne-Marie Jackson, Jim D. Cotter (all from the University of Otago), and Brian Maraj (University of Alberta). This article, "Teaching Foundational Aquatic Skills to Children in Open Water Environments," is an especially important one because it is one of the first as well as most comprehensive studies to explore how well water competence may transfer from one aquatic environment (e.g., pools) to another (i.e., open water). I highly recommend reading and studying this paper!

The second research article comes from Portugal and an international group of authors who actively are studying the performance of Portuguese beach lifeguards. The study, " Portuguese Lifeguards Performance in Aquatic Rescue: An Exploratory Study," was authored by Olga G. Marques (University of Coimbra), José Palacios-Aguilar (University of A Coruña, Spain), Henrique G. Melo and Nuno G. Leitão (both from Portuguese Navy), Lucia P. Castillo (University of Vigo), David Szpilman (Brazilian Lifesaving Society- SOBRASA), and Luís Rama (University of Coimbra). Professional certification of lifeguards is fairly recent in Portugal and this study examined the quality of their rescue performance.

A third research article in this issue, "Calculating an Equation to Estimate the Maximum Oxygen Uptake in Lifeguards," came from a Spanish research team of aquatic researchers including Brais Ruibal-Lista (Universidade da Coruña), José Palacios-Aguilar (University of A Coruña,), José Antonio Prieto (University of Oviedo, Sergio López-García (Pontifical University of Salamanca), Miguel Santiago-Alonso (Universidade da Coruña), José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada (University of Oviedo), and Cristian Abelairas-Gómez (Universidade de Santiago de Compostela). This article follows up on a previously published study in Volume 11, Issue 3. This study deals with the statistical validation of the equation they developed to calculate VO2 max among lifeguards.

Educational Article

The first educational article in this issue was authored by Alena Gadberry (Gadberry Education Services) and James Gadberry (Athens State University). It was entitled, " Black Drowning Deaths: An Introductory Analysis. The authors have composed an excellent article that examines the many cultural and social aspects underlying the higher rates of drowning among African Americans. I recommend it as an interesting read!

Research Articles


Teaching Foundational Aquatic Skills to Children in Open Water Environments
Chris Button, Angela J. Button, Anne-Marie Jackson, Jim D. Cotter, and Brian Maraj


Portuguese Lifeguards Performance in Aquatic Rescue: An Exploratory Study
Olga G. Marques Ph.D., José Palacios-Aguilar Ph.D, Henrique G. Melo Mcs., Nuno G. Leitão, Lucia P. Castillo MSc., David Szpilman M.D, and Luís Rama Ph.D.


Calculating an Equation to Estimate the Maximum Oxygen Uptake in Lifeguards
Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, and Cristian Abelairas-Gómez

Education Article


Black Drowning Deaths: An Introductory Analysis
Alena Gadberry and James Gadberry

IJARE cover