We present a study of excited-state behavior of reduced flavin cofactors using femtosecond optical transient absorption spectroscopy. The reduced flavin cofactors studied were in two protonation states: flavin-adenine dinucleotide (FADH(2) and FADH(-)) and flavin-mononucleotide (FMNH2 and FMNH-). We find that FMNH- exhibits multiexponential decay dynamics due to the presence of two bent conformers of the isoalloxazine ring. FMNH2 exhibits an additional fast deactivation component that is assigned to an iminol tautomer. Reduced flavin cofactors also exhibit a long-lived component that is attributed to the semiquinone and the hydrated electron that are produced in photoinduced electron transfer to the solvent. The presence of adenine in FADH(2) and FADH- further changes the excited-state dynamics due to intrarnolecular electron transfer from the isoalloxazine to the adenine moiety of cofactors. This electron transfer is more pronounced in FADH, due to pi-stacking interactions between two moieties. We further studied cyclobutane thymine dimer (TT-dimer) repair via FADH- and FMNH- and found that the repair is much more efficient in the case of FADH-. These results suggest that the adenine moiety plays a significant role in the TT-dimer repair dynamics. Two possible explanations for the adenine mediation are presented: (1) a two-step electron transfer process, with the initial electron transfer occurring from flavin to adenine moiety of FADH-, followed by a second electron transfer from adenine to TT-dimer (ii) the preconcentration of TT-dimer molecules around the flavin cofactor due to the hydrophobic nature of the adenine moiety.
Li, Guifeng; Sichula, Vincent; and Glusac, Ksenija D., "Role Of Adenine In Thymine-dimer Repair By Reduced Flavin-adenine Dinucleotide" (2008). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 95.
Journal Of Physical Chemistry B