Toledo, Ohio, once a thriving manufacturing center, is emblematic of cities in the U.S. industrial midwest that are reeling from the effects of precipitous economic decline. In Toledo's case, the city's population has dropped from a peak of 385,000 in 1980 to under 300,000. Against this backdrop, we are using Toledo as a case study, and by documenting a critical architectural and urban planning history of the city, we argue that the traditional model that linked architecture and capital no longer holds. In doing so, we are shedding light on the complexity of the challenges and responses City of Toledo, specifically developing sustainable alternatives for the city.
Luescher, Andreas; Shetty, Sujata; and MacPherson, Scot, "The City as Campus: Creating a Sustainable Vision for the City of Toledo" (2014). Architecture and Environmental Design Faculty Publications. 18.