School of Teaching and Learning Faculty Publications


A Validation Process for Observation Protocols: Using the Revised SMPs Look-for Protocol as a Lens on Teachers’ Promotion of the Standards

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The Standards for Mathematical Practice (SMPs) describe mathematical behaviors and habits that students should express during mathematics instruction. Thus teachers should promote them during classroom-based mathematics instruction. The purpose of this article is to discuss the validation process for an observation protocol called the Revised SMPs Look-for Protocol. An implication of this study is that users with a robust understanding of the SMPs may feel confident using the protocol as a validated and reliable tool in research and school-based settings. We discuss opportunities and challenges for mathematics teacher educators engaging in classroom observations, in light of this observation protocol.

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Investigations in Mathematics Learning