Examining the relationship between organizational constraints and individual deficits in executive functioning on employees' extra-role work behaviors.
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Steve Jex (Advisor)
Margaret Brooks (Committee Member)
Sherona Garrett-Ruffin (Committee Member)
Melissa Miller (Other)
Although the relationship between organizational constraints and task performance has received much empirical scrutiny, largely showing a negative relationship between the two variables, the relationship between constraints and extra-role behaviors has received less attention. Thus, one purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between organizational constraints and extra-role behaviors – both positive extra-role behaviors (OCB and creativity) and negative extra-role behaviors (CWB). Furthermore, in order to explore the frequently hypothesized moderating effect of “control” on the stressor (here, organizational constraints) – strain (here, extra-role behaviors) relationship, this study examined deficits in executive functioning (DEF), an alternative measure and conceptualization of control, as a moderator in the relationship between organizational constraints and extra-role behaviors. Data was collected from approximately 500 full-time employees and subsequently analyzed to test the current study’s hypothesis. The results showed that both organizational constraints and DEF significantly predicted all outcome variables; however, the directionality of some of the relationships between predictor and outcome variables found in this study’s analyses did not match the initial hypotheses. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Khosravi, Jasmine Yasi, "Examining the relationship between organizational constraints and individual deficits in executive functioning on employees' extra-role work behaviors." (2016). Psychology Ph.D. Dissertations. 193.