A Model of Rural Delinquency: Collective Efficacy in Rural Schools
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Carolyn Tompsett (Advisor)
Eric Dubow (Committee Member)
Anne Gordon (Committee Member)
Paul Johnson (Committee Member)
Social contexts have long been identified as having an impact on adolescent behaviors, including the neighborhood context. However, most literature examining neighborhood influences on juvenile behavior have focused on urban and semi-urban populations. When these urban-centric models are applied to rural populations, results are generally mixed, and oftentimes contradictory to patterns established in urban populations. The current study tested an alternative model for predicting juvenile problems behaviors in rural areas but examining the validity of previous conceptualized “neighborhood collective efficacy” in rural schools. Constructs similar to Sampson et al.’s (1997) neighborhood collective efficacy were found in this sample, and this construct was significantly negatively correlated to juvenile self-reported problems behaviors. As hypothesized, school collective efficacy was more strongly related to self-reported problem behaviors than neighborhood collective efficacy for this sample. Directions for future research and implications for policies are discussed.
Lackey, Jennifer Hayman, "A Model of Rural Delinquency: Collective Efficacy in Rural Schools" (2016). Psychology Ph.D. Dissertations. 165.