Afghanistan is often depicted as a failing state, but its failures display distinctive patterns over time and space. Regional variations in governance have been important in shaping the ways the Afghan state has failed and the consequences of these failures. This article argues that a history of better governance in the north facilitated the disarmament of militia warlords and comparative stability. By contrast, the south has a long history of minimal formal governance, creating opportunities for increased Taliban insurgency.
Englehart, Neil A., "Tale of Two Afghanistans: Comparative Governance and Insurgency in the North and South" (2010). Political Science Faculty Publications. 2.