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Mestizaje, the ideology of racial and/or cultural mixing, has played a profound role in the process of nation-making in the Andean region of South America since the mid-1800s. Professor Chalupa examines the intersections of ethnicity, social-self, and narrative in times of Republican fragmentation in the Andean countries of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. Taking into consideration the conditions of production of the official ethnic order in the Andean region, Professor Chalupa exposes the ways in which the concept of mestizaje has been the site of multiple definitions and appropriations by the State, collectives, and individuals. For example, the Bolivian, Ecuadorian, and Peruvian states have alternatively used the mestizaje for promoting racial miscegenation, for celebrating cultural hybridity as their national identity, and for proclaiming the existence of a colorblind social order.
Chalupa, Federico, "The Making of Mestizaje: Ethnicity and Narrative in the Andean Region" (1998). ICS Fellow Lectures. 31.