Sex education is arguably one of the most controversial subjects in the United States education system. Because education is primarily considered a state’s responsibility, it is difficult to ensure consistent material is being taught from state to state. Although comprehensive sex education has been proven to be effective, most states including Ohio, lean towards an abstinence-only approach. Ohio currently has very vague and limited sex education policies. In this paper, I will analyze sex education at the federal, state, and district levels (in Ohio) to determine the current state of affairs. I will utilize a case-study analysis of three Ohio school districts to showcase the prominent issues found within their sex education curriculum. These issues include the lack of transparency, lack of culturally sensitive material, and information on LGBTQ+ communities. The bulk of this paper will use published research and quality sources to highlight the importance of increasing research and funding to implement comprehensive sex education in Ohio schools.
Dr. Elizabeth Olson
First Advisor Department
Human Development and Family Studies
Dr. Sarah Rainey-Smithback
Second Advisor Department
Women's, Gender & Sexuality Studies
Buschur, Alyssa, "An Evidence-Based Approach to Improving the Quality of Sex Education in Ohio" (2023). Honors Projects. 876.