Honors Projects


As global internet usage expands, websites are growing in both size and complexity. Contrary to the common belief that the internet is immaterial and “environmentally friendly”, web pages have significant negative environmental impacts (Frick, 2015). Websites contribute to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption. Considering the current climate crisis, it is crucial that web developers be aware of the impact that their work has on the environment and actively work to improve site energy efficiency. With a lack of regulation and awareness, the environmental impact of websites has remained unchecked despite growing concerns for sustainability. Further research and awareness is needed in the area of sustainability in relation to the digital world, specifically within web development. This applied research project aims to identify best practices for sustainable web development that can reduce GHG emissions by improving site energy efficiency. The resulting methods were applied to the development of two versions of a website in collaboration with a community partner. To understand the implications of sustainable development, data from both versions was collected on CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and energy efficiency. Version two with the sustainable development methods resulted in reduced CO2 emissions and increased energy efficiency.




Visual Communication Technology

First Advisor

Laney Fugett

First Advisor Department

Visual Communication and Technology Education

Second Advisor

Dr. Andrew Kear

Second Advisor Department

Environment and Sustainability

Publication Date

Spring 4-27-2022