Honors Projects


Hand signal use as a form of alternate mode of communication in the classroom offers potential for developing a growth mindset in students and, by this, improving student performance. This paper explores the work already done on various response systems. Research shows response systems typically accomplish their intended goal, and may help students to develop a growth mindset. Additionally, development of a growth mindset is associated with improvement in student performance. The action research discussed in this paper shows there may be an increase in growth mindset as a result of hand signal use in the classroom.




Middle Childhood Education

First Advisor

Christina Miller

First Advisor Department

Mathematics and Statistics

Second Advisor

John Fischer

Second Advisor Department


Publication Date

Spring 3-24-2022