The relationship between protein conformational dynamics and enzymatic reactions has been a fundamental focus in modern enzymology. Using single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) with a combined statistical data analysis approach, we have identified the intermittently appearing coherence of the enzymatic conformational state from the recorded single-molecule intensity-time trajectories of enzyme 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase (HPPK) in catalytic reaction. The coherent conformational state dynamics suggests that the enzymatic catalysis involves a multistep conformational motion along the coordinates of substrate-enzyme complex formation and product releasing, presenting as an extreme dynamic behavior intrinsically related to the time bunching effect that we have reported previously. The coherence frequency, identified by statistical results of the correlation function analysis from single-molecule FRET trajectories, increases with the increasing substrate concentrations. The intermittent coherence in conformational state changes at the enzymatic reaction active site is likely to be common and exist in other conformation regulated enzymatic reactions. Our results of HPPK interaction with substrate support a multiple-conformational state model, being consistent with a complementary conformation selection and induced-fit enzymatic loop-gated conformational change mechanism in substrate-enzyme active complex formation.
He, Yufan; Li, Yue; Mukherjee, Saptarshi; Wu, Yan; Yan, Honggao; and Lu, H. Peter, "Probing Single-molecule Enzyme Active-site Conformational State Intermittent Coherence" (2011). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 105.
Journal Of The American Chemical Society