Title

Hypercyclic Extensions of an Operator on a Hilbert Subspace with Prescribed Behaviors

Date of Award

2013

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Mathematics

First Advisor

Kit Chan

Second Advisor

Juan Bes (Committee Member)

Third Advisor

So-Hsiang Chou (Committee Member)

Fourth Advisor

Rachel Reinhart (Committee Member)

Abstract

A continuous linear operator T : X → X on an infinite dimensional separable topological vector space X is said to be hypercyclic if there is a vector x in X whose orbit under T, orb(T, x) = {Tnx : n ≥ 0 } = { x, Tx, T2x, ..... } is dense in X. Such a vector x is said to be a hypercyclic vector for T. While the orbit of a hypercyclic vector goes everywhere in the space, there may be other vectors whose orbits are indeed finite and not contain a zero vector. Such a vector is called a periodic point. More precisely, we say a vector x in X is a periodic point for T if Tn x = x for some positive integer n depending on x. The operator T is said to be chaotic if T is hypercyclic and has a dense set of periodic points. Let M be a closed subspace of a separable, infinite dimensional Hilbert space H with dim(H/M) = ∞ . We say that T : H → H is a chaotic extension of A : M → M if T is chaotic and T |M = A. In this dissertation, we provide a criterion for the existence of an invertible chaotic extension. Indeed, we show that a bounded linear operator A : M → M has an invertible chaotic extension T : H → H if and only if A is bounded below. Motivated by our result, we further show that A : M → M has a chaotic Fredholm extension T : H → H if and only if A is left semi-Fredholm. Our further investigation of hypercyclic extension results is on the existence of dual hypercyclic extension. The operator T : H → H is said to be a dual hypercyclic extension of A : M → M if T extends A, and both T : H → H and T* : H → H are hypercyclic. We actually give a complete characterization of the operator having dual hypercyclic extension on a separable, infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. We show that a bounded linear operator A : M → M has a dual hypercyclic extension T : H → H if and only if its adjoint A* : M → M is hypercyclic.