Chemistry Faculty Publications

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Described are photochemical studies of the nitric oxide precursors, trans-Cr(L)(ONO)(2)(+) (L = cyclam = 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane, CrONO, or L = mac = 5,7-dimethyl-6-anthracenylcyclam, mac-CrONO) encapsulated in phosphatidylcholine liposomes. The liposomes provide a means to maintain a localized high concentration of NO releasing complexes and are easily modified for in vivo targeting through self-assembly. Steady, controlled release of NO is seen after photolysis of the liposome-encapsulated CrONO as compared to the burst of NO release seen by the unencapsulated complex in oxygenated solutions. The quantum yields for photochemical NO release from liposome-encapsulated CrONO and mac-CrONO were determined in both oxygenated and anoxic solutions. The quantum yield for NO release in oxygenated solution for encapsulated CrONO was more than 5 times larger than that of unencapsulated CrONO, thus the net NO released after photolysis in oxygenated solutions is enhanced by encapsulation of CrONO in liposomes. Encapsulated mac-CrONO shows NO release after photolysis with low-intensity blue light. Furthermore, the fluorescence of mac-CrONO can be detected through the liposomes, thus allowing for development of theranostic NO delivery vessels where tracking and imaging can occur simultaneously with therapeutic NO release. This work provides insight into the development of multifunctional liposome constructs for disease theranostics.

Publication Date

10-2012

Publication Title

Molecular Pharmaceutics

Volume

9

Issue

10

Start Page No.

2950

End Page No.

2955

DOI

10.1021/mp300139y

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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