Unraveling the Determinants of Protrusion Formation
A COMPUTERIZED MORPHOMETRIC CLASSIFICATION TECHNIQUE BASED ON LATENT FACTORS REVEALS MAJOR PROTRUSION CLASSES: factors 4, 5, and 7. Previous work showed that factor 4 represented filopodia, 5 the distribution of lamellar cytoplasm, and 7 a blunt protrusion. We explore the relationship of focal contact (FC) characteristics and their integrated actin cables to factors values. The results show that FC maturation/cytoskeletal integration affects factor 5, because FC elongation/integration was correlated with its values. On the contrary, 7 values decreased with maturation, so cable or FC size or their integration must be restricted to form these protrusions. Where integration did occur, the cables showed distinctive size and orientation, as indicated by correlation of 7 values with FC shape. Results obtained with myosin inhibitors support the interpretation that a central, isometric, contractile network puts constraints on both factor 5 and 7 protrusions. We conclude that cells establish functional domains by rearranging the cytoskeleton.
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Cayer, Marilyn L.; Heckman, Carol A.; Varghese, Mita; Gorsevski, Peter; and Boudreau, Nancy S., "Unraveling the Determinants of Protrusion Formation" (2012). Biological Sciences Faculty Publications. 33.
International Journal of Cell Biology