School of Teaching and Learning Faculty Publications

Document Type

Conference Proceeding


The Standards for Mathematical Practice (SMPs) describe mathematical behaviors and habits that students should express during mathematics instruction. Thus teachers should promote them during classroom-based mathematics instruction. The purpose of this manuscript is to discuss the validation process for an observation protocol called the Revised SMPs Look-for Protocol, which is meant to fill this gap. An implication of this study is that users with a robust understanding of the SMPs may feel confident using the protocol as a validated and reliable tool in research and school-based settings.

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Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Research Council on Mathematics Learning

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