Piceatannol antagonizes lipolysis by promoting autophagy-lysosome-dependent degradation of lipolytic protein clusters in adipocytes
Overly elevated circulating non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) is an emerging health concern of obesity-associated energy disorders. However, methods to reduce circulating NEFAs remain elusive. The present study determined the effect of piceatannol, a naturally occurring stilbene, on adipocyte lipolysis and its underlying mechanism. Differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes, brown adipocytes and isolated white adipose tissue were treated with various concentrations of piceatannol for 1.5-h both in the basal and stimulated lipolysis conditions. Piceatannol significantly inhibited NEFAs and glycerol release with a concomitant reduction of ATGL, CGI-58 and PLIN1 expression in adipocytes. Using a series of inhibitor assays, piceatannol-induced degradation of these proteins was found to be mediated by upregulation of the autophagy-lysosome pathway. Moreover, we demonstrated that piceatannol is capable of stimulating autophagy in vitro. Importantly, piceatannol administration tended to lower fasting-induced serum glycerol levels in healthy mice. Furthermore, piceatannol administration lowered lipolysis, central adiposity and hyperinsulinemia in diet-induced obese mice. Our study provides profound evidence of a novel inhibitory role of piceatannol in lipolysis through autophagy-lysosome-dependent degradation of the key lipolytic proteins in adipocytes. This study offers a mechanistic foundation for investigating the potential of piceatannol-containing foods in reducing lipolysis and its associated metabolic disorders.
Kwon, Jung Yeon; Kershaw, Jonathan; Chen, Chih-Yu; Komanetsky, Susan M.; Zhu, Yuyan; Guo, Xiaoxuan; Myer, Philip R.; Applegate, Bruce; and Kim, Kee-Hong, "Piceatannol antagonizes lipolysis by promoting autophagy-lysosome-dependent degradation of lipolytic protein clusters in adipocytes" (2022). Public and Allied Health Faculty Publications. 25.
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry