Design, Characterization, and Electron Transfer Properties of Synthetic Metalloproteins
Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
The binding of Cu(I) to the random coil peptide C16C19-GGY produces a self-organized metal-peptide assembly which displays an intense room-temperature luminescence at 600 nm. It was shown that this synthetic metalloprotein exists as a 4-helix bundle which contains a cyclic Cu 4 S 4 cofactor in which each Cu(I) atom is bridged by two cysteine residues and has a terminal N/O ligand. The strong luminescence of the Cu(I) protein suggests that it might function as a photoinduced electron-transfer agent. The emission follows biexponential decay kinetics with t 1 = 1.0 µsec and t 2 = 7.5 µsec. These components have approximately equal amplitudes and the results indicate that the Cu 4 S 4 cofactor contains two independent lumophores. Both lifetime components are quenched by a series of [Ru(NH 3 ) 5 L] 3+ (L = chloro, amine, lutidine, pyridine, nicotinamide, and 3,5-dimethyl pyridine dicarboxylate). The quenching mechanism is assigned to a photoinduced electron-transfer event by transient spectroscopy. The results show the occurrence of bimolecular forward electron-transfer in the inverted Marcus regime.
Electron-transfer (ET) reactions occur between a negatively charged cyclic metallopeptide [Ru(bpy) 2 (phen-am)-cyclo(Cys-Glu-D-Glu-Glu-Pro-Glu-D-Glu)] 3- = Rucyclic, and ferricytochrome c, in which an acetamido linker was used to attach the ruthenium polypyridyl complex to the cysteine side chain of a head to tail cyclic peptide. In the presence of cyt c, the triplet state of ruthenium metallopeptide decays via parallel pathways that involve two different encounter peptide-protein complexes. That the electron transfer rate constants of both encounter complexes decrease with increasing viscosity demonstrates that the kinetics are gated by rate-limiting configurational changes occurring within the complexes. NMR experiments confirm that two separate conformations exist for Rucyclic.
Metallopeptides, 5-Chloro-PhenRuCE5G with a different redox potential but a similar conformation with those of RuCE5G give different driving forces of the excited-state ET reaction. The reorganization energy (λ) and donor-acceptor separation (r) of the preformed complex between metallopeptides and cyt c are determined to be 1.25 eV and 16.4 Å by measuring the actual electron transfer rates of these four metallopeptides at their most stable configurations. These values are comparable with those of some protein-protein systems reported previously.
Hong, Jing, "Design, Characterization, and Electron Transfer Properties of Synthetic Metalloproteins" (2006). Photochemical Sciences Ph.D. Dissertations. 72.