The Effects of Calling and Vocational Presence and Search on Psychological Well-Being
Date of Award
Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
Rachel Vannatta Reinhart (Advisor)
Margaret Brooks (Other)
Dale Dwyer (Committee Member)
Judith Jackson May (Committee Member)
Patrick Pauken (Committee Member)
This study was a quantitative exploration of 13 calling and vocational constructs related to calling presence, search and actualization to determine which best predicted psychological well-being. For this study, calling was defined using the definition established by Dik and Duffy (2009) and its three component parts: (1) an external summons, (2) viewing one’s work as a source of purpose or meaning, and (3) having a prosocial orientation or using one’s work to help others. Forward multiple regression analyses revealed that Search for Calling and Presence of Prosocial Orientation were the best predictors of well-being. Further, group differences were explored using the calling categories: calling diffusion, calling foreclosure, calling moratorium, and calling achievement (see Table 1). Results revealed that individuals who were high in searching for a calling had significantly lower levels of psychological well-being if they also had low levels of calling presence (Calling Moratorium Category). The hope of the researcher is that these as well as previous research findings lead to the future study of additional aspects of calling and psychological well-being.
O'Neal, April M., "The Effects of Calling and Vocational Presence and Search on Psychological Well-Being" (2017). Leadership Studies Ed.D. Dissertations. 96.