Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Exercise Science | Health and Physical Education | Kinesiology | Leisure Studies | Sports Sciences | Sports Studies
This study compared the differences in spatial relations, spatial ability, and reasoning ability between female swimmers and sedentary people. Fifty-eight participants (24 swimmers and 34 sedentary females) were recruited to complete the PMA E & R tests (Primary Mental Ability Test) and the DAT-SR test (Differential Aptitude Test). Findings indicated that swimmers scored higher in spatial relations, spatial ability, and reasoning ability. The practice of competitive swimming appears to have a positive relationship with the spatial relation, spatial ability and reasoning ability.
Bekendam, Nora Ph.D.; Diaz, German Ph.D.; and García, Oscar Ph.D.
"Analysis of Cognitive Abilities in Female Swimmers,"
International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education: Vol. 12
, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/ijare/vol12/iss1/5