This rejoinder to Irwin et al. is written to address several concerns regarding “Myth #4: Personal Appearance Limitations” in their recent article. Constraints to leisure are complex and become more complicated when race, culture, family socialization, and hair are combined. Despite the data-driven evidence which they argue refutes “Myth 4” there are several practical concerns that are raised toward better understanding the responses of African American females in the study. We posit that a heightened understanding of the interaction between culture, race, and gender in the case of African American females is vital to the interpretation of the data associated with “Myth 4.”
Waller, Steven N. and Norwood, Dawn M.
"The Complexities of De-Constructing the Constraints to African American Female Participation in Swimming: A Rejoinder to Irwin et al.,"
International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education: Vol. 3
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarworks.bgsu.edu/ijare/vol3/iss4/3