Chemistry Faculty Publications

Document Type

Article

Abstract

The excited state lifetime of bovine rhodopsin (Rh) increases from ca. 100 fs to 85 ps when the C11=C12 bond of its chromophore is locked by a cyclopentene moiety (Rh5). To explain such an increase, we employed ab initio multiconfigurational quantum chemistry to construct computer models of Rh and Rh5 and to investigate the shape of their excited state potential energy surfaces in a comparative way. Our results show that the observed Rh5 fluorescence (lambda(f)(max) = 620 nm) is due to a previously unreported locally excited intermediate whose lifetime is controlled by a small energy barrier. The analysis of the properties and decay path of such an intermediate provides useful information for engineering rhodopsin variants with augmented fluorescence efficiencies.

Publication Date

8-2012

Publication Title

Journal Of Chemical Theory And Computation

Volume

8

Issue

8

Start Page No.

2559

End Page No.

2563

DOI

10.1021/ct3002514

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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